So, The India is in developing mode. The people of India has engaged in normal lifestyle but have you ever wondered how we’re living our life with liberty and freedom? Who gave us the immunity so that we can enjoy our life without any hindrance?Yes, It is our constitution.. World largest constitution after the albama states of America. It is our constitution which decided the destiny of India.
Can we live our life without constitution? Just as any organism needs food, water and air to live, in the same way it is very necessary for a human being to have a constitution to lead a good life. Here ‘good’ means its own right, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity.
Let us know how the constitution. This topic is an important for a common citizen as well as for the students preparing for Civil Services.
Well, we all have read that America’s constitution is the oldest. But if we see logically, the provision of law in India is going on since thousands of years ago. In ancient times, there was a book known as Manusmriti, in which every type of law was written. Even in the Mauryan period, it was seen that along with Manusmriti, the law to be implemented in the country has been discussed in the “Arthashastra” written by Kautilya.
Evolution of Fundamental Rights under Constitution
Gradually, civilization developed all over the world. With the spread of imperialism, there was also awareness among the people about their individual rights. For the first time in the period of 1215, an agreement was made between King John of England and some of the rich people there, who were called barrans in England, in which it was proposed that the king should provide some fundamental rights to him and his companies. This proposal later came to be called the Magna Carta of the Fundamental Right. And since then people started to understand the importance of their rights.
Later in 1789, fundamental rights were added to the Constitution of America for the first time. And In India, the idea was introduced by the Motilal Nehru Committee in 1928, in which he wrote that
Fundamental Right needs to be guaranteed in such manner that they can not be withdrawn in any situation
A very long story of making of the constitution in India.
The first proposal of the constitution in modern India was introduced by M.N.Roy in 1934. A year later, the idea of Indian Constitution was presented at the 1935 session of the Indian National Congress. In the 1940s, the Prominent leaders of British India demanded from the Britishers that the Constitution of India should be made without any term & conditions, which should also be about the governance system here, and also about the fundamental rights of the common man. But the British were not ready, their only proposal was that if the people of India would support England in the Second World War, then it could be thought of making a constitution here. Stafford Cripps was sent to India for such a proposal in 1942. This event is known in Indian history as Cripps Proposal. Gandhiji called it a postdated cheque.
After the Second World War, the British government changed, the new government announced that we will free India now. In 1946, the Cabinet Mission was sent to India, which came to discuss the making of the Constitution of India. Eventually the Constituent Assembly was formed in which all the parties and princely states of India participated except the Muslim League.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on 9 December 1946 in which 211 people were present.Rajendra Prasad was elected President, HC Mukherjee was elected Vice President. In the meeting, preparations were going on to decide the destiny of India. Discussions were held for hours. The date for writing the constitution has been fixed. But a member of Congress had something else going on in his mind. Finally Objective resolution was introduced by Nehru on 13th December 1946. In which Jawaharlal Nehru wrote tremendous things.
The objective stated by the preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all the citizens and promote fraternity to maintain the unity and integrity of the nation. The three types of justice added in preamble which is social justice, economical justice and political justice. Nehru discussed so many such things that finally on 22 January 1947, Objective Resolution was adopted as a preamble of the Constitution. After hard work, the constitution was written in 2 years 11 months and 18 days under the leadership of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
The Constitution of India is a masterpiece in which the democratic values of the country have been well taken care of. The Founding Father made it such that even today, that is, even after almost 72 years, it seems absolutely worthwhile.
The constitution has given us the right to live with freedom in this country. After 75 years of independence, our country is on the verge of progress and one of the important reasons for this is our strong constitution. But at the same time, the constitution has given us some fundamental duties, which we have failed to an extent to follow. After 25 years, our country will be in the nectar of independence, so we also have a duty to follow the constitution of the country and by discharging the fundamental duties, we should take the country to that point in the next 25 years, which Mother India expects from us.